There are those who believe that science can debunk all questions surrounding religion and the existence of God, while others use science to help prove or give credible evidence to back up their religious beliefs.  Does science prove or disprove crucial details that validate stories found in the most popular religions? Many scholars use the Bible as a historical time line that can provide details to occurrences of the past. Most mainstream scientist will agree that the earth was in fact flooded at least one time by conducting studies of fossils found all around the world. Sea shells have been found in deserts, there are lakes high in mountainous regions that have the same salt consistency as oceans all around the world. There are strange occurrences are all over the world that separate religion and science and offer little explanation dividing us between fact and faith.

There are denominations of the Christian faith such as Catholicism that welcome science as a means to study and gain knowledge of anomalies around the world, while other denominations like the more conservative Southern Baptist tend to stray away from .Scholars and scientist have proposed theories as to how the earth was created, which is an explanation that is completely different from most religions. This topic, which has always been controversial, sparks the minds of many intellectuals and almost always is never a finished debate. Pastors of the Christian faith and its believers will argue that faith is all that is needed and science only becomes a bottleneck to those who are seeking the divine. For the most part scientists are straight forward in their beliefs and base their knowledge on actual factual information. When science and religion correlate, it can be a beautiful thing, meaning that both parties can actually sit down and have a conversation without it turning into something ugly.

From a pure scientist viewpoint, most of the time they feel that those who put their faith in religion are blind, and lack the knowledge which can be a smoking gun, that debunks any of the stories in the bible. If religion and science are to go hand in hand, or be on the same team then debates on this subject can be more productive.

In the Bible there is the story of Moses leading the Israelites out of Egypt and parting the Red Sea. “And Moses stretched out his hand over the sea; and the LORD caused the sea to go back by a strong east wind all that night, and made the sea dry land, and the waters were divided.” (Exodus 14:21). Science can’t prove that this actually happened the way the Bible explains it but it can get very close to churning up evidence that suggest that it did in fact happen. Peter Elmer was diving in the Red Sea, which had been thought to have really been the Reed Sea where he claims to have found an Egyptian chariot will.“I am 99.9 percent sure I picked up a chariot wheel”(Kovacs, 2003). The Biblical version suggest that Moses was able to split the sea enough for the Israelites to cross, leaving the Egyptians to drown as the waters engulfed them. If science could be more open to the word of God then perhaps it would be evident people have different interpretations of the Bible.

Science would suggest that there might have been an earthquake in Greece that created a tsunami, which was able to travel all the way into Egypt and coincidentally happened at the same time Moses raised his hand to separate the water. Those who are religious could agree with the tsunami theory, but also acknowledge that it was ultimately an act of God.There are two primary models of authority that Americans decide whether or not to trust: theocracy, with God (religion) as the ultimate authority and the state as the meditating authority; and ecology and with nature as the ultimate authority and science as the mediating authority (Proctor, 2005). Science and religion are different journeys, but they often provide similar truths.

The argument of design can shake up the scientific world while also giving credence to religion, but if scientist looks at this argument, it can be broken down with science as its background. The most concerning similarities between science and religion are the bases in which they believe. Religious experts often place faith behind most of their beliefs, while science of course uses facts. Facts might be considered rooted in faith by religious standards, where as in science faith is overlooked or non-existent. The Argument of Design suggests that there has to be a creator behind all of these trees and beings on the planet and science doesn’t go along with this idea at all. There is yet to be a scientist that can explain how something can come from nothing, yet in religion faith in God dances around this question. Using science one can try to explain how the earth was created and sometimes in our brains it makes perfect sense, but it still does not answer the question of how it all began.

If science was more open to religion, or vice versa, then many unanswered questions could be solved. Yes, science and religion are in conflict because if they were not then there would be no disagreeing. An open mind in the scientific community could change this. There are too many things on this planet alone that cannot be explained scientifically that discredit the validity of science. For example it believed that the Sumerians were the first civilization in history, yet there are more extravagant organized cities that with the use of carbon dating the organisms attached to these facades, date back before the Sumerians even existed. In Peru and Bolivia there are cities that have been dated to be over 10,000 years old. In Turkey at Gobekli Tepe scholars have dated this place to be over 12,000 years old. Many pastors will not stray away from the idea that the earth is only 6000 years old and this is a major discrepancy that keeps science and religion apart from one another. Science suggest the earth is much older, yet mainstream archeologist will not even comment on cities that seem to be 10,000 years or more because they are fixed on the idea that the Sumerians had the first civilization. The problem here is that many of those that practice and preach religion are only looking in one direction, the same as the scientist who only go with the Sumerians as the first.
There are rocks that are cut with such precision in Bolivia and Peru that they could have only been carved with power tools. There are seemingly fabricated stones in Puma Punku that in many ways can not be explained. Many of these rocks are polished and have precise angles that could not have been produced by hand, which leads us to the argument of design. Would it  be egotistical to suggest that there was not some type of divine intervention during the creation of our planet and formations like these? It is man who supposedly goes from ape-like to walking fully erect ,yet he stumbles upon science and forms of technology in relatively little time. The Native American Indians in The United States were not gifted with this passion for building large and permanent structures like those found in South America.These are examples of how geography influences culture but  yet there is something major missing in the forms of sophistication between different races. There was at some point a spark that happened, almost as if it were overnight.

Religion and science are in constant conflict because they choose to work against each other, rather than accept that there are some things that cannot be explained in any way, which suggest a higher power. If faith is what fuels religion and facts are what fuels science, then both really do not have credible valid evidence when asked who created us? Conflict is the word here, but if science and religion cooperate then more information could be gathered and perhaps religion could transform science. If science could explain all occurrences on this earth then one might be inclined to becoming an atheist and disregard all biblical accounts as rubbish, but the truth is that science cannot explain all, and where there is a lack of explanation is where faith must join the party. When people witness a strange occurrence they tend to create fictional stories that sometimes can get lost in translation. When science cannot explain something then faith, which was only a word used by it definition and never a part of any scientific belief, is quickly shunned and abandoned.

There are just too many things that continue to baffle scientist that allow this opinion to be formulated. The presence of a divine intervention that cannot be explained creates faith which fuels many religions. Religion at least recognizes this because no matter what belief or denomination there is an always open mind to interpretation. Clearly then the ways in which the issue of putative conflict of science and religion has been  engaged ,the assessments of where the burden of proof may lay, and institutions of how a satisfactory resolutions of the debate might be achieved have change significantly(Sweet,2007). Science in many ways takes away from religion and creates atheist and contorts beliefs. If science were to respect religions then perhaps a common ground could be made. In the Catholic Church, many pastors use science as a means to gain followers. Catholic churches also spend money to fund scientific research but the same cannot be said for science on religion. Again if these two disciplines were to cooperate then more ground breaking discoveries could be made.

In the story of Exodus the Israelites wander for 40 years in search of the Promised Land eating what is called manna. In the Manna Machine by George Sassoon a machine is supposedly the origin of the Manna which in religion came from the heavens. There have been successful attempts at creating a machine which produces algae from the morning dew and has been said by scientist to that it could give sustenance to a large group of people. This is the type of work that should be taking place regarding cooperation between religion and science. Many practitioners of the Christian faith might shun this idea but there are others within who might be accepting of this.

There are many grey areas that can’t be explained and often reflect some kind of intervention. Façades in Peru and Bolivia, clearly prove there was a form of technology going on that modern science has yet to discover and religion may offer a type of mental closure. Science and religion are two separate practices where most religions teach morals and offer hope for and afterlife. Science tells us that when we die we decay and that there is nothing after that.  When influenced by religion many things which would be considered taboo by many outside of this world and are often are justifiable by those who are directly influenced by the religious values. Science has the ability to create life without a soul, which makes many of the studies seem unethical. Religion is a social institution that defines and distinguishes people all around the world; it relates humanity to spirituality using moral values in most instances. There are  people in almost every society who are interested in knowing how the world was created and those who have questions about the afterlife, who often seek religion to fulfill their personal quests. Others use religion to seek comfort while dealing with stress and tragedies that occur which often leave an emotional scar.

Religion gives people a way to explain the otherwise unexplainable, and gives meaning and purpose to life (Vissing, 2010). Science can disprove many things except whether that what people believe regarding their religion is true or not. Its findings are held simply to be the products of the communities that propose them; its theorizing are supposed to be more about exercise of power than about the attainment of veracity(Pomper,2005). Science will never use religion based faith and most religions regard their faith as more powerful than any fact.







Proctor, James (2005). Science, Religion, and the Human Experience
Oxford University Press Cary, NC, USA

Kovacs, Joe(2003) Pharaohs’ Chariot Found in Red Sea Much About History

Sweet, William Feist, Richard (2007).Religion and the Challenges of Science Ashgate Publishing Group Abingdon, Oxon, GBR

Vissing, Y. (2011).  Introduction to Sociology.  San Diego, CA: Bridgepoint Education, Inc. 

Pomper, Gerald M. (2005).Exploring Reality : The Intertwining of Science and Religion .Yale University Press. New Haven CT, USA