As the Europeans fought in a race to gain control of new lands, many people had family members on the other side of the Atlantic, and creating a source of income was top priority. Trade connected the sea of sorrow and the routes also acted as a way to send mail. Some procreated with native peoples and  plunged into the new world while others made it difficult, having a feeling of separation with the native groups. This cultural fusion allowed connections that in some places outer influences were welcomed and molded their societies .In South America, what is presently Brazil, conquistadors traveled across the Atlantic in hopes of discovering easy routes to Asia and India and while doing so made discoveries of strange native peoples.

Natives were considered savages or animals and in many cases were to be killed or used as slave labor if they did not believe in the Catholic religion. Atalhuapa, who was an Inca leader, was promised that he would live if he converted to Christianity while also agreeing to give up his gold. He was  killed shortly after.Politics fueled the motives to convert lands into Catholic believers in South and much of Central America, while in the north the Europeans who had separated from their government due to the desire of religious freedom had begun to create societies based on a newer form of religion. The English were not as extreme as the Spanish and Portuguese when it came to the natives, who in many circumstances denounced any form of outside religious practices. The natives were usually a simple people and when it came to religion, they put their faith in shamans and had tales of animal -gods that contradicted the religious practices of Christianity.

Relations between Portugal and the African slave network gave anyone who spoke Portuguese an advantage as they could negotiate with Africa’s slave masters which gave  the two somewhat of a strange relationship. In Africa the Portuguese generally adopted a policy of peaceful coexistence (Benjamin, Thomas, 2001). The Afro-Portuguese were Christians, who spoke a Creole language and developed a distinct housing type, known as “maisons a la portugais” or Portuguese houses (Racine, 2010). This type of structure made the influences on Africans made by the Portuguese evident. In efforts to preserve their beliefs slaves masked their religious faith, twinning their spiritist deities with Roman Catholic saints to give the outward appearance of Catholic piety (Levin, 1999). The natives in the Atlantic coast of Brazil were a mix of African and native speaking people who were involved in cannibalism and practiced head shrinking.

Religion furnished prejudicial resentment between religious groups.Spain  Portugal were in a race to gain control of the newly found lands. Given that conquistadors were soldiers who were intent upon spreading the word of God, it is no coincidence that two of the three dominant political institutions in Latin America until the beginning of the twentieth century were the military and the Catholic church( Thackeray,2001). The presence of both Spain and Portugal in the Atlantic coast of South America  eventually led to The  Treaty of Tordesillas ordered by the Papal,which ultimately divided South America by using its geographical features but the land was so unexplored at the time that Spain was granted the largest portion. The Treaty was to basically to divide the Portuguese and Spanish claims of the new world. Politics were masked around religion which fueled the conquest of the Catholic Church, which in these days had a say so in almost everything. Brazil’s native population was demoralized by the quest of the Portuguese.The Africans that were brought during the slave trades have distinguished modern day Brazil with a cornucopia of diverse culture and history that has learned to live in harmony with one another.

The Politics of the Catholic faith made important decisions on how the new world would develop, gave many the reasons to leave their native lands in search of something new while it was masked in the spreading of religion. The early Spanish conquistadors laid the ground work for many to follow and while being obedient to God, they were also able to convert many and make a strong presence in the Atlantic world. The evidence is clear in modern lay America. Annexation, cultural diversities and an ever growing economy can all be seen by the impact of religious conquest.The violence brought forth in the name of God from across the Atlantic to the new world gave anguish to most native peoples, either by forcing them to denounce their deeply embedded beliefs, introducing disease, exploitation,genocide, and taking their land. Its amazing how two little countries can influence all of Central and South America, where the most of the time they were strategically outnumbered and essentially lost in the new world.In the modern day the white man has continued to seek control over native Americans, although it is no longer in the name of  religion. Reservations are in areas where there are little hopes of getting a good job, alcohol is illegal in some parts, they  become depressed and suicidal.

Advertisements